Olympic Torch a symbol of oppression
Michael Mullins |
14 April 2008
The power of marketing has obscured the original symbolism of the Olympic torch as an effective celebration of human rights violation.
The modern Olympic torch relay was initiated by the organisers of the 1936 Berlin Olympics. It was carefully orchestrated by the Nazi leadership to uphold the image of the Third Reich as a dynamic and expanding influence on the international culture and economy. It fitted perfectly with the Nazi belief that classical Greece was an Aryan forerunner of the modern German Reich.
Olympic officialdom has since cast aside the torch's original link with political oppression and human rights violation by asserting that it's about sport, not politics, and that the two are mutually exclusive.
2008 is not the first occasion on which protestors have attempted to expose the flame's link to human oppression. Before the 1956 Melbourne Olympics, a veterinary science student at St John's College at the University of Sydney was successful in upstaging the torch with a fake flame that rose from kerosene-saturated underwear, before Sydney Lord Mayor Pat Hills. Prankster Barry Larkin and fellow students organised the action because of the torch's Nazi origins, and the fact that it was given 'too much reverence'.
Last week, Fr Shay Cullen wrote that the Relay is 'a very political gesture' first used by the Nazis to 'justify their self-proclaimed superiority over others'. Cullen is a Columban missionary in the Philippines who has been shortlisted three times for the Nobel Peace Prize. He was writing in the context of the 'unarmed saffron robed monks kicked, clubbed, beaten, tortured, imprisoned and killed in Tibet simply because they want religious freedom and dignity'.
He suggested that we should all 'take a good look at ourselves and our beliefs'.
'Is it not natural to resent and resist being conquered, occupied and dictated to by a more powerful nation? That's what Buddhists, Muslims, Christians and people of all faiths want and have a right to.'
From his own experience in the Philippines, he has come to the conclusion that the United Nations is a 'toothless organisation with no power to change anything or stop the pain of those being tortured and abused'.
'Only people of conviction have to do it and the more united we are, the more effective we will be. May the flame of oppressive pomp and power be extinguished and the light of justice and truth shine out.'
Fr Shay Cullen: The Flame of Pomp and Power
Michael Mullins is editor of Eureka Street. He also teaches in the Media and Communications Department at the University of Sydney.
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14 April 2008
Another reason why Australians ought leave their armchairs and meet people and their history in far distant repressed conditions. We will not get the truth or the reality by watching TV or listening to the people of the comfort zone.
15 April 2008
As a Johnsman (1979-1983), I'm intrigued to learn of the actions of Barry Larkin in 1956. Despite our universal loathing of the Nazis, one is left wondering why his civil disobedience is not proclaimed from the bell tower; had von Stauffen already said all that was necessary? Was Larkin insufficiently reverential in the face of faux mysticism?
19 April 2008
The relay can be a positive symbol despite its origins. Christians have long overlaid their own tradtions on the top of others, such as Easter, Christmas, so why can't we overlay the modern meaning of the torch relay over the top of the Nazis?
09 August 2008
OH, PLEASE. FINDING NEGATIVE CONOTATIONS IS EASY. TRY TO LOOK AT THE POSITIVE SIDE. IT IS 2008 & NOTHING CHANGES IF NOTHING CHANGES, SO GET OUT OF DIGGING UP THE PAST SYMBOLISM. MUCH MORE IMPORTANT TO FOCUS ON WHAT IS RIGHT & NOT DWELLING ON WHAT IS WRONG WITH EVERYTHING. EVERYONE SHOULD BE ON A PATH TO PROMOTE PEACE & MAYBE THE WORLD WILL BE A BETTER PLACE. GO USA!