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Muslims who venerate St George


Büyükada - Flickr image by Christopher BilmanOn an island known to the Greeks as Prinkipo, Ayshe Özakcam spends six months of the year attending a small stall beside a steep cobbled path. She sells home-grown plums, and apples, which she peels and quarters deftly with a sharp knife, to pilgrims passing en route to the Orthodox Church of Ayios Giorgios (St George) on the summit of the island.

What is intriguing about this is not that Ayshe ekes out a living by selling apples, or that she sits all day in the full glare of the Mediterranean sun, but that she is a Muslim, that the island is off the coast of Istanbul, the great Turkish metropolis, and that the majority of visitors to the Orthodox church are in fact Ayshe's fellow Turks.

Ayshe sees nothing remarkable in this. She doesn't appear to dwell on the faith or motivations of those puffing past her up the hill. When I ask her who the most common visitors are here she can't answer definitively. 'Greek, Turks,' she shrugs. 'Everybody!'

On the day of my visit, in late summer, she may not be far wrong. On the island (called Büyükada by the Turks), I encounter well-healed Istanbul locals, Turkish matriarchs in headscarves and dour gabardines, a black-garbed Greek widow, and a gaggle of Iranian tourists who offer around pistachios.

But the busiest day of the year is St George's Day, April 23, when Turks come by the thousands, taking advantage of the fact that the date coincides with a national public holiday, Independence Day. Crowding onto ferries in Istanbul, they arrive on Büyükada early in the morning, Muslim pilgrims en route to a Greek Orthodox church to ask favours of St George.

'The path to the monastery is packed with bodies,' recalls long-term Turkish resident and journalist Pat Yale of her visit on St George's Day last year. A festive air reigns. At the base of the hill pilgrims buy charms and trinkets designated for whatever they may be praying for: health, love, marriage, children. 'People unspool cotton along the lower slopes,' says Pat, 'and some hand out cubes of sugar.'

These are Muslim customs; cotton threads in white, red or green signify wishes for peace, love or money; the sharing of sugar and sweets is characteristic of Turkish hospitality and communal gaiety.

At the top of the hill pilgrims bustle forward to be allowed into the church in small groups where, with hands upturned in an attitude of prayer, they pass slowly before Greek icons and place handwritten entreaties to St George in a wish box. Outside again they form an orderly queue to be blessed by an Orthodox priest and then proceed on their way.

But aren't the Greeks and Turks mortal enemies? Isn't their mutual antagonism prima facie evidence of the 'clash of civilisations', the incompatibility of Muslim and Christian cultures? On the face of this, perhaps not. No one is sure when the Muslim practice of venerating St George began, but it is well documented.

In the early 1900s, Edith Durham encountered Albanian Sufis who observed St George's feast day. In his much-lauded travelogue, From the Holy Mountain, William Dalrymple tells of Palestinian Muslims crowding into a musty Church of St George near Jerusalem. These are just a few of countless instances of Muslim-Christian symbiosis throughout the Balkans and the Levant.

After enjoying one of Ayshe's tart apples, I continue up the path towards the church, enjoying sweeping views of the Sea of Marmara and the Asian and European shores of Istanbul. Along the route, remnant cotton threads linger on the trunks of scrubby oak and pine trees, and votive rags flutter from the branches of wild olives.

The church itself is not of architectural note, but it too offers panoramic views. Nearby the Turks have, perhaps inevitably, built a teahouse and restaurant. The site seems quintessentially Mediterranean to me, combining the Greek genius for building places of worship in remote locales with the Turkish predilection for tea and other such sedate pleasures in picturesque landscapes.

A Turkish teahouse abutting a Greek church, and Muslim pilgrims receiving blessing from Orthodox priests strike me as powerful evidence that civilisations do not inevitably clash, that where faiths meet the result need not be a tussle whereby one must cancel the other out. Through long interaction and mutual respect, cultures can fuse and meld, adopting and adapting from each other.

St George, the 'warrior saint', may be puzzled by all of this. Known for smiting the dragon he offered inspiration to belligerent Crusaders, but for countless years on Büyükada he has brought members of different faiths together. On April 23rd, as at many times during the year, their prayers in different languages will again intermingle and rise heavenwards.

William GourlayWilliam Gourlay is a Melbourne writer and editor who regularly contributes to Neos Kosmos. He is currently writing a thesis to complete a Master of Islamic Studies at Monash University.

Topic tags: William Gourlay, Prinkipo, St George, Büyükada, pilgrims, Muslim, Turkey, Greece



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Existing comments

A well written article which shows that in most places on earth most people demonstrate great tolerance and respect for each other. Mongers of hatred and intolerance are few but they have a very forceful voice.

Beat Odermatt | 12 April 2011  

ironic given that in England, the English "cross of St George" flag is generally discouraged from being displayed by the government (and, conversely, waved about with gusto by the England Defence League) due to a widespread perception on both sides that it is offensive to Muslims.

Rod Blaine | 12 April 2011  

The cult of St George can be traced to the early 4th century and was well established in the Eastern church before the rise of Islam. George exists in Islam as Al Khidr or "The Green Man" a saint associated with Spring and regeneration. Adopted by the crusaders for his military origins the dragon story though ancient, is a much later addition. The oldest known location for a shrine at Lod in Israel has a 19th century church with a mosque dedicated to Al khidr next door. See http://youtu.be/fMSCylGPhQQ

Shane Carmody | 12 April 2011  

Thanks for this. Had lunch at a Palestinian restaurant called Petra in Ness Ziona (Israel) the other day and wondered why there was a big mosaic on the wall of St George slaying the poor endangered dragon once again.

jeffrey Nicholls | 15 April 2011  

In the Turkish town of Alanya where my Orthodox Christian Greek ancestors came from, it was common practice for local Turks and Greeks to sleep overnight in the church of St. George in hopes for a miracle. Usually health-related. Especially when help was needed to conceive a child.

Leo | 18 April 2011  

You may be interested in the chapter Myths and Legends (subheading St. George and Khidr) in my book Antioch on the Orontes - A History and a Guide.

Jørgen Christensen-Ernst | 04 April 2014  

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