Putting a face to the effects of Australia's aid freeze

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Alain is five years old. He is just beginning school. Like every kid, it is both a big adventure but one marked with mixed feelings about leaving home for so long and being no longer free to play with his younger siblings.

African refugee studyingOn the way to school he passes near a small building whose purpose it is to house the two child protection officers who hear and deal with complaints that arise in his refugee camp community. He of course has no idea what that entails, nor to what the badge attached to the wall, 'Donated by the Australian Government', refers.

Alain is one of around 11,000 people living in this particular camp in the south of Zimbabwe. More than half of these are children. It seems an unlikely location to talk of the freeze on funding for Australian foreign aid announced in the budget, but it is in places like these, unseen and therefore unknown by the Australian population, that the effects are often felt.

Alain is lucky: the camp where he lives has good education. Worldwide however, only 50 per cent of children in forced migrant situations will attend primary school, 22 per cent secondary and a paltry 1 per cent any institution of higher learning. It is not accurately known how many school aged children in forced migrant situations are missing out, but it is estimated to be in the order of 25 million.

That is equivalent to almost the entire population of Australia.

Research now tells us that these uneducated children are more likely to become the foot soldiers of violent ideologies that hold the promise of giving their lives meaning. They are more likely to be depressed or chemically dependent, and are almost certain to remain poor. But this is the negative view of looking at it: imagine, for a minute, what 25 million people could contribute to the human community if they had the chance.

I had two encounters with Australian overseas aid while working in southern Africa. There was a small grants program overseen by the Australian embassy under which presumably the child protection facility was built. I approached them but was told that they did not do any personnel costs or administration or project support — only the project itself. The American equivalent was much more expansive and allowed, for instance, someone to follow up to see whether the facility is indeed useful.

My second was to try to elicit, under a volunteer program, the services of a skilled professional for a year to help us to build our capacity in a particular area of the operation. The program has a good reputation. When the two representatives came to our office, however, I was told that the suburb in which our office was sited was not good, but nevertheless, 'we don't do refugees — it is not a priority area'.

 

"To get the 25 million forced migrant children currently not being educated into school, US$4.3 billion is needed. In an ever more precarious, changing and interconnected world, this would be a most wise investment."

 

On the first point, we had done our homework and had had the UN agencies' security consultant assess a number of potential sites for our office. The current location came up trumps on risk of vehicular crime and overall street and risk-of-home-invasion safety. The second is likewise hard to fathom: 65.3 million forced migrants currently, the highest on record, and yet the issue is not a priority, especially nearer the source of the areas which generate refugee flows? Presumably the Australian government would laud and support efforts to prevent people making for wealthier countries? Sadly, it seems, on this evidence at least, not.

Australia's freeze on overseas aid at AUD$3.9 billion per annum is part of a trend in western governments, led by the current US president who has slashed such funding, shifting much of it to the military. It is also a theme since the present Coalition government came to power in 2013, with $11.3 billion slashed since then. It's a continued punch in the guts for soft power approaches to resolve some of the world's more difficult issues, and makes the operations of some of the essential UN agencies such as UNHCR and UNICEF, funded under such programs, more precarious. The implications of this simply do not bear entertainment.

Globally less than 2 per cent of humanitarian funding goes to education. Right now, to get the 25 million forced migrant children of the world currently not being educated into school, an estimated US$4.3 billion is needed. It's not a lot. In an ever more precarious, changing and interconnected world, this, I suggest, would be a most wise investment.

One may say that the government's actions represent a softly, softly approach, measured and prudent and in line with community expectations. But well directed aid unfortunately rarely lies within 'community expectations', simply because its actions and effects are mostly unseen. I can attest that well directed and supported foreign aid, particularly in education, which is a facet of a development (not primarily emergency) response, builds lives, and gives people the chance at life they seek. In the long term it builds solid links between nations and gives the Alains of this world the ability to contribute positively to the community in which they eventually find themselves. Not only he, but we, deserve at least that.

 


writerAustralian Jesuit David Holdcroft is currently conducting a strategic review of post-secondary education in forced migrant settings for the global Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS). David worked for seven years as director of JRS operations in Southern Africa.

Topic tags: David Holdcroft, Budget 2017, aid


 

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Existing comments

The freeze on foreign aid is poor policy . our international profile has been severely tarnished by our offshore detention centres and our actions towards governments of our neigbours east timor and indonesia ..We need to be engaged in our neigbourhood Well directed and managed aid can not just benfit the recipients but Australia in tangible ways military spending cannot
david cornwell | 15 May 2017


I totally agree David. However I don't think governments should be the sole aid providers out of taxation. Education creates value and should be seen as investment by private enterprise. Governments need to show leadership though and set the pace instead of being winnows
David Holdcroft | 15 May 2017


Thank you very much, David, for highlighting the specific ways Australian Aid can be used to help improve people's lives. I agree with you completely when you write, 'well directed and supported foreign aid, particularly in education, ... builds lives, and gives people the chance at life they seek.' Thank you also for bringing to our attention the huge numbers of forced migrants in the world and the immediate educational needs of millions of forced migrant children. Please keep speaking out, David. Pleas to increase Australian aid just seem to fall on deaf ears at present and it makes me extremely sad and angry. I hope and pray that sometime very soon compassionate Australian leaders will start turning this tide around again. Until they do we need people like you to show us how significant and life-changing aid funding can be.
robert van zetten | 15 May 2017


There is and always will be a crying need somewhere in the world for overseas aid. The JRS obviously has feet on the ground and thus knows where aid can be most effectively channelled. I suspect many requests for overseas aid come through UN agencies but originate with requesting countries. There are real problems with the skimming off of aid in certain countries requesting it. This has led to several scandals and the querying of whether we should give aid at all in certain situations where corruption appears to be endemic. Several African, Asian and Latin American dictators are said to have lined their pockets at least partly with overseas aid. Government to government aid is the vast majority of overseas aid. Private aid is much smaller. There are so many agencies asking for money that people are really confused. I think we need to sort out and simplify the system, both public and private, and, as you suggest, audit well. We have to.
Edward Fido | 17 May 2017


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