Greenies and miners don't need to be at war



Recently, as I perused the cover of a local news rag, I spotted an article lamenting state government decisions that were 'endangering' the jobs of coal miners. In this article was a substantial presupposition: that coal jobs are worth saving.

Children play with power generation technology, both coal and renewables. Illustration by Chris JohnstonIt is undeniable that, for better and worse, our society would not be where it is today without fossil fuels. Coal and petroleum-based products have, for many generations now, powered our society and allowed us to reach vast technological heights. What we have developed since the 1800s would have seemed, to pre-industrial societies, to be like magic.

Despite this, there is also no denying that coal-fired power stations are antiquated. Coal-fired power is, in fact, worse than some benign vestigial hangover; it is slowly-but-surely destroying our planet. Even if we take into account so-called 'clean' coal technology, it would be lunacy to continue burning our finite fossil fuels when we have cheaper, cleaner, and more quickly-dispatched options (that we won't eventually run out of). We have a moral obligation to act decisively in moving away from coal-fired power and to renewables as we rapidly approach key climate tipping points.

One of Australia's biggest impediments in this regard is the persistent myth that subsidising coal mines is the only way to pump life back into dying rural communities. This is not the case, even though the myth strongly contributed to the Coalition's narrow victory in Queensland during the last federal election (specifically with relation to the Adani mine). While mining's contribution to our economy is not insignificant, all mining still constitutes less than ten per cent of Australia's GDP. Thermal coal mining is a further fraction of this.

It is important to note that, in this discussion, miners are not the enemy. In fact, those who once worked in mining are a key element to implementing the change required. After all, renewable energy isn't going to build and maintain itself. Our existing coal-fired power stations are starting to reach the end of their life cycle — some sooner than planned — and many countries are rapidly divesting from coal. Subsequently, we owe it to our nation’s workers to act responsibly and plan for the future.

This won’t be easy; we will have to completely rethink our power grid. Instead of a highly-centralised model, where we receive nearly all of our power from huge power stations, the network will have to become more distributed. Individuals and local communities will have to produce more of their own power, and intelligent storage options will need to be rolled out for when the wind is low and the sky is cloudy.

We will also, likely, have to renationalise the energy grid (either in full or in part). This is, of course, going to be neither cheap nor simple. It will also require a lot of workers in newly created jobs. We must, however, at least start the planning for how we can transition those who work in coal-related industries to a post-coal energy sector.


"We need to reframe the climate crisis as an opportunity which provides incitement to phase out dying technology and create jobs through necessary infrastructure projects."


And this is where the government comes in. Though all of this seems complicated, it is not an insurmountable task. There are already discussions taking place and models in existence for how to rapidly scale up renewables. Unfortunately, there is little incentive in the private sector for this rapid change (and indeed, incentive to resist it for many). Subsequently, we need our governments to mobilise their resources to create jobs that will build and sustain this renewable infrastructure.

There is also some great research being done specifically into decarbonising an economy without harming rural centres. Again, this isn’t going to be easy. It will involve a conscious and collaborative effort between industry, employees, unions, and governments to provide outcomes that meet the needs of our communities.

The voices of these mining communities must also be more than token representation, lest they suffer from the eventual closure of mines. However, if parties like the Greens are to be believed, a switch to renewables could generate over a hundred thousand new jobs. Even if only a fraction of these jobs come to exist, it provides a viable alternative to the status quo. We must stop fetishising the free market and realise that, in fact, government might be the solution.

This may seem expensive at first glance, but if the kinds of subsidies we are providing to mining and tax cuts to big business were redirected to renewable projects, substantial transition is just a matter of will and planning, not resources.

There is a saying in business and politics: 'no good leader wastes a crisis'. Though dripping with cynicism, this adage holds a grain of truth. Instead of seeing the climate crisis as a war between miners and greenies, we need to reframe it as an opportunity which provides incitement to phase out dying technology and create jobs through necessary infrastructure projects.

Obviously, we aren't going to be able to shut down every coal mine immediately, especially those that produce metallurgical or coking coal (for which mass-market alternatives are still a little way off). The longer we put it off, though, the less time we will have to act, and the more people get hurt in the transition. Transitioning sooner rather than later also has the added benefit of helping to avert the end of life as we know it, which is pretty important too, I guess.



Tim HuttonTim Hutton is a teacher, masters student and freelance writer based in Brisbane. He writes on politics, education, media, societal issues, and the intersection of all of the above.

Topic tags: Tim Hutton, coal, climate change, coal, renewable energy



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Existing comments

Much as I enjoyed this article I don't know it demonstrated reasons for miners and greenies to unite. Aside from the usual coal supporter gambit of "sun don't shine, wind don't blow", what intrigues me with renewable solar & wind farms is most are built on only 25 year lease sites; perhaps that aligns with the authors contention that the grid must be flexible in future but it poses the question why there's so little confidence in the longevity of these installations in which some place our ENTIRE future energy dependence. While we're thinking about sustainability and security, I think the green claim of switching to renewables generating one hundred thousand jobs needs some further investigation; miners might have some confidence if these were real, "career" jobs...but if they're a sporadic, short term FIFO construction contract jobs to the lowest bidder it might suit some people but generally not the rural community who usually prefer a stable, local workforce than the brief enjoyment of a construction work camp spending a few dollars in town at the pub.
Ray | 08 November 2019

Thank you Tim - a very sensible and considered approach! I hope our governments, State and Federal, read ti and take note. By the way, was your family connected to a street in Bulimba? I was!
Jim Slingsby | 09 November 2019

Australia and other countries need to quickly transition away from coal or the world will have even more catastrophic fire-storms, droughts, floods, sea level rises, cyclones, etc. I suggest readers read Ross Garnaut's new book 'SUPER-POWER: Australia's Low Carbon Opportunity'. Australia is blessed with ample sunshine and wind power and could become an energy super-power. Solar power is already cheaper than coal-derived power and this cost difference will increase significantly in future years. All Governments, including ours, need to heed the warning recently given by over 11 000 of the world's scientists that there is now an extreme climate emergency!
Grant Allen | 09 November 2019

Thanks Tim for your commentary, Historically mining towns have come and gone through out our rather brief 'European' history. Gold ,Silver ,and tin mines etc have a finite life, as do coal mines.The towns that grew up near these mines prospered while the mines were in development and production stages , but unless they found other reasons for their existence, such as service hubs for the surrounding rural area, they went into decline and became ghost towns. Apart from the Gold Rush period of the 1850's, mining has not been a large proportion of GNP, nor has mining been a large employer. The advent of FIFO workers means these community's do not benefit anyway. Coal and other fossil fuels are on the way out so it will be necessary for the miners and power station workers to retrain . In any case to save the planet from catastrophic climate change,it is essential we adopt renewable energy now.
Gavin O'Brien | 11 November 2019

I tend to agree with you Tim that greenies and miners don't necessarily have to be at war, but of course, they often are. This was especially so during the 2019 federal election when Scott Morrison and other conservative politicians played these groups off against each other in Queensland. Would there have been a different outcome if the ALP had a clear and logical policy on renewable energy, had opposed the Adani project and had strongly argued that renewable energy production provides far more jobs than coal mining does. The Greens are correct on this point. In a 2017 report published by the US Union of Concerned Scientists, it was shown that renewable energy production provides three times more jobs than fossil fuel rnergy production does. (see The report also points out that renewable energy production has little impact on water resources - unlike the coal industry. In addition, it is not associated with the production of toxic pollution when it is used. This is currently a big issue in large cities where pollution is causing large numbers to succumb to environmentally related illness and death. It is obvious that mining communities live in fear of losing jobs if mines close. Responsible politicians should be planning interim periods so that miners can be retrained for new jobs in renewable energy production, recycling etc without losing working time. It was good that the Leigh Creek coal mine in SA closed, however, it was a shame that the SA government of the day did not prepare the miners for meaningful alternative jobs.
Andrew (Andy) Alcock | 11 November 2019

A thoughtful, intelligent and beautifully-written article, thanks Tim. If only the people who need to read this would do so with open minds!
Elizabeth Harrington | 16 November 2019


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